Tissues called tonsils and adenoids are composed of lymphoid cells. It has a role in lymphocyte production.

Tissues called tonsils and adenoids are composed of lymphoid cells. It has a role in lymphocyte production. They are small in newborns because of the immunoglobulins passed from the mothers. They grow due to infections, more often at the age of 4-5 years. At an advanced age they tend to shrink. The large adenoids create an obstacle to breathing through the nose. In addition, it can create problems of different sizes by disrupting the discharge of the ears and sinuses. Hearing loss, snoring, mouth breathing, night coughs, nasal discharges are observed in these children. Chronic adenoid inflammation or enlargement can lead to orthodontic disorders, facial development disorders and speech disorders. When the growths of tonsils and adenoids reach the dimensions that will narrow the upper respiratory tract, serious problems such as snoring and apnea start serious problems such as breathlessness during sleep. In these cases, an ENT specialist should be consulted. The disease known as rheumatic fever is a complication caused by antibodies against group A beta-hemolotic streptococci. It can cause disorders in the heart valves.

In which cases should Tonsil and Adenoid meat be taken?

Tonsil and adenoid surgeries are frequently performed in ENT clinics. When there is no benefit in drug treatment, they are removed surgically. There are two criteria to decide on this surgery. Precisely and relatively:

Conditions that require definitive surgery:

Obstruction of the upper respiratory tract due to adenoid Abscess around the tonsils Suspicion of malignant tumor Adenoid and tonsil growths that disrupt the jaw structure 7 times in the last year or 5 times in the last two years, or 3 times a year in the last 3 years or more frequently. Carriers of diphtheria (bird shrew) microbes People with heart valve disease Frequent middle ear inflammation due to tonsil inflammation In these cases, tonsil surgery is recommended.

At what age are these surgeries performed?

Tonsil diseases are known as a child age group problem, but the same rules apply in adult work. Tonsil surgery is also performed in adults who do not have any serious problems that may prevent surgery. The lower age limit has been determined as 4-5 years, except for mandatory cases. It is not possible to determine the upper age limit. In general, the incidence of this disease in advanced ages is low and simple solutions are often preferred. The risk of tonsil surgery is very low. In statistics, serious complications related to anesthesia or surgery are known in one out of 14000 operations. The rate of serious bleeding after surgery is as low as 5/1000. Many scientific studies have been conducted on the body's defense system after tonsil surgery, but no clear results have been obtained. Some people who have had their tonsils removed have shown a decrease in the number of lymphocytes. However, this has not been found to be a clinical problem. There is a belief that pharyngitis is more common after tonsil surgery. However, the incidence of pharyngitis is the same in people who have undergone tonsillectomy. Removal of the tonsils does not increase the incidence of pharyngitis.